Ovarian cysts are sacs filled with fluids or other substances located on or in an ovary. In some cases, these cysts need to be removed surgically.
An ovarian cyst can be simple or follicular, complex, endometriotic, dermoid or even malignant. It can be found out on different types of blood tests and the surgery can be planned accordingly. Laparoscopic surgery is always better than open surgery as it is convenient for the patients.
An ovarian cystectomy procedure removes cysts from an affected ovary. A cystectomy may be required if a cyst:
- Affects fertility
- Causes pain
- Doesn't go away after several periods
- Grows larger over several cycles
- Shows signs of being malignant
A laparoscopic cystectomy procedure is a relatively minor surgery, usually lasting no longer than an hour. The doctor places the patient under general anesthesia, and inserts a thin tube called a laparoscope through several small incisions in the abdomen. She then threads surgical tools and a fiber-optic camera through the laparoscope to perform the cystectomy. A laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy is less invasive than conventional surgeries, making it a very popular ovarian cystectomy procedure. Laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy recovery times are also shorter for than those of a traditional cystectomy procedure.